Vegetable Garden Height and Spacing Guide – 71 Species


When you start planning your vegetable garden, it is a good idea to keep a list of common vegetable plant spacing handy. Nobody wants to walk into their garden in July and be blocked by tomatoes and zucchini plants that got a bit out of hand. I hate brushing up against a tomato plant and having several drop off the plant and get bruised.

peppers grown in garden jalepenos habaneros

Every specific species and variety of vegetable will come with height and spacing recommendations. You would do well to follow them, and allow for pathways while planning your garden. But, if you are just planning to get a general idea for your garden, then the heights and spacing in our list should be just fine. I hope you find if useful!

Remember, make sure taller plants are either North, or West of shorter plants! That way the shading impact of the taller plants is minimal of the shorter plants!

Table of 71 Vegetable height and spacing requirements

#VegetableTypical Mature HeightSpacing Between PlantsSpacing Between Rows
1Alfalfa36 ”  (91 cm)6″-12″ (15-30 cm)35″-40″ (90-100 cm)
2Artichokes36 “-48 ” (91 cm – 122 cm)18″ (45 cm)24″-36″ (60-90 cm)
3Arugula36 ” (91 cm)6″ (15 cm)18″ (45 cm)
4Asparagus48 “-60 ” (122 cm – 152 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)60″ (150 cm)
5Beans, Bush24 ” (61 cm)2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
6Beans, Pole120 “-180 ” (305 cm – 457 cm)4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm)30″ – 36″ (75-90 cm)
7Beets12 ” (30 cm)3″ – 4″ (7.5-10 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)
8Black Eyed Peas36 ” (91 cm)2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm)30″ – 36″ (75-90 cm)
9Broccoli  30 ” (76 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)36″ – 40″ (75-100 cm)
10Broccoli Rabe30 ” (76 cm)1″ – 3″ (2.5-7.5 cm)18″ – 36″ (45-90 cm)
11Brussels Sprouts30 ” (76 cm)24″ (60 cm)24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm)
12Cabbage 12 “-14 ” (30 cm – 36 cm)9″ – 12″ (23-30 cm)36″ – 44″ (90-112 cm)
13Cantaloupe12 “-18 ” (30 cm – 46 cm)36″ (90 cm)36″-72″ (90cm-360 cm)
14Carrots 6 “-12 ” (15 cm – 30 cm)1″ – 2″ (2.5-5 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)
15Cauliflower 12 “-36 ” (30 cm – 91 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
16Celery 12 “-18 ” (30 cm – 46 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)24″ (60 cm)
17Chinese Cabbage / Pak Choi12 ” (30 cm)8″-10″ (20 cm – 25 cm)18-30″ (45-75 cm)
18Chinese Kale 5 “-8 ” (13 cm – 20 cm)12″ – 24″ (30-60 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
19Corn 72 “-96 ” (183 cm – 244 cm)10″ – 15″ (25-38 cm)36″ – 42″ (90-106 cm)
20Corn Salad, Valerianella locusta4 “-6 ” (10 cm – 15 cm)2″ (5 cm)12″ (30 cm)
21Cow Peas16 “-18 ” (41 cm – 46 cm)10″ (25 cm)24″ (60 cm)
22Cucumbers – Ground 6 “-8 ” (15 cm – 20 cm)12″ (30 cm)60″ (150 cm)
23Cucumbers – Climbing/Trellis48 “-72 ” (122 cm – 183 cm)2″ – 3″ (5-7.5 cm)30″ (75 cm)
24Eggplants 18 “-24 ” (46 cm – 61 cm)12″ – 24″ (30-60 cm)30″ – 36″ (75-91 cm)
25Fennel Bulb 24 ” (61 cm)12″ – 24″ (30-60 cm)12″ – 24″ (30-60 cm)
26Galia Frisse (Endive)8 “-10 ” (20 cm – 25 cm)6″ (15 cm)24″ (60 cm)
27Garlic18 “-24 ” (46 cm – 61 cm)4″ (10 cm)18″ (45 cm)
28Gourds – Bottle24 “-36 ” (61 cm – 91 cm)96″-144″ (244-365 cm)144″ (360 cm)
29Gourds – Large (15 – 30 lbs fruit)24 “-36 ” (61 cm – 91 cm)48″ (120 cm)96-144″ (244cm – 360 cm)
30Gourds – Medium (8 – 15 lbs fruit)24 ” (61 cm)36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm)96-144″ (244cm – 360 cm)
31Gourds – Small (baseball – softball size)24 ” (61 cm)36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm)72″-96″ (180cm – 240 cm)
32Greens, Salad9 “-15 ” (23 cm – 38 cm)6″ (15 cm)12″-24″ (30 cm -60 cm)
33Horseradish20 “-24 ” (51 cm – 61 cm)12″ (30cm)24″-36″ (60cm – 90cm)
34Hops 300 “-360 ” (7m-9m)24″-36″ (60-90 cm)96″ (240 cm)
35Jerusalem Artichoke 94 “-120 ” (239 cm – 305 cm)18″ – 36″ (45-90 cm)18″ – 36″ (45-90 cm)
36Jicama 36 “-48 ” (91 cm – 122 cm)36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm)48-96″ (120-240 cm)
37Kale 24 ” (61 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm )24″ (60 cm)
38Kohlrabi 9 “-15 ” (23 cm – 38 cm)12″ (30 cm)12″ (30 cm )
39Leeks 24 ” (61 cm)4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm)8″ – 16″ (20-40 cm)
40Lentils12 “-30 ” (30 cm – 76 cm).5″ – 1″ (1-2.5 cm)6″ – 12″ (15-30 cm)
41Lettuce – Head8 “-10 ” (20 cm – 25 cm)12″ (30 cm)12″ (30 cm )
42Lettuce – Leaf15 ” (38 cm)1″ – 3″ (2.5-7.5 cm)1″ – 3″ (2.5-7.5 cm)
43Mesclun (mixed salad greens)8 “-10 ” (20 cm – 25 cm)6″ (15 cm)12″ (30 cm)
44Mustard16 “-24 ” (41 cm – 61 cm)16″-24″ (40-60 cm)18-24″ (45-60cm)
45Okra 36 “-48 ” (91 cm – 122 cm)12″ – 15″ (18-38 cm)36″ – 42″ (90-106 cm)
46Onions 24 “-30 ” (61 cm – 76 cm)4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm) 4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm) 
47Parsnips 10 “-15 ” (25 cm – 38 cm)8″ – 10″ (20-25 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
48Peanuts  12 “-18 ” (30 cm – 46 cm)6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm)24″-36″ (60 cm – 90 cm)
49Peas, Shelling28 “-32 ” (71 cm – 81 cm)6″-8″ (15 cm – 20 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
50Peas, Snow18 “-24 ” (46 cm – 61 cm)1″-2″ (2.5- 5 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
51Peas, Snap60 “-72 ” (152 cm – 183 cm)1″-2″ (2.5- 5 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
52Peppers18 “-24 ” (46 cm – 61 cm)14″ – 18″ (35-45 cm)18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm)
53Potatoes 18 “-24 ” (46 cm – 61 cm)8″ – 12″ (20-30 cm)30″ – 36″ (75-90 cm)
54Pumpkins 12 “-18 ” (30 cm – 46 cm)60″ – 72″ (1.5-1.8 m)120″ – 180″ (300-450 cm)
55Radicchio12 “-16 ” (30 cm – 41 cm)8″ – 10″ (20-25 cm)12″ (30 cm)
56Radishes 4 “-12 ” (10 cm – 30 cm).5″ – 4″ (1-10 cm)2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm)
57Rhubarb24 “-36 ” (61 cm – 91 cm)36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm)36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm)
58Rutabagas 12 “-14 ” (30 cm – 36 cm)6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm)14″ – 18″ (34-45 cm)
59Shallots30 “-36 ” (76 cm – 91 cm)6″ – 12″ (15-30 cm)6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm)
60Soybeans (Edamame)24 “-30 ” (61 cm – 76 cm)2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm)24″ (60 cm)
61Spinach – Mature Leaf10 “-12 ” (25 cm – 30 cm)2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)
62Spinach – Baby Leaf10 “-12 ” (25 cm – 30 cm).5″ – 1″ (1-2.5 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)
63Squash – Summer24 “-30 ” (61 cm – 76 cm)24″-36″ (60-90 cm)36″ – 72″ (90-180 cm)
64Squash – Winter10 “-12 ” (25 cm – 30 cm)24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm)48″-72″ (120 cm-180 cm)
65Sweet Potatoes6 “-10 ” (15 cm – 25 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm)
66Swiss Chard12 “-16 ” (30 cm – 41 cm)6″ – 12″ (15-30 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)
67Tomatillos36 “-48 ” (91 cm – 122 cm)24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm)36″ – 72″ (90-180 cm)
68Tomatoes24 “-60 ” (61 cm – 152 cm)24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm)48″ – 60″ (90-150 cm)
69Turnips12 “-15 ” (30 cm – 38 cm)2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm)12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm)
70Watermelon15 “-24 ” (38 cm – 61 cm)48″ – 60″ (90-150 cm)72″-96″ (180 cm – 240 cm)
71Zucchini12 “-24 ” (30 cm – 61 cm)24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm)36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm)

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Joe Foster

Hi - I grew up outdoors in nature - hiking, fishing, hunting. In high school I got my first job at a garden center where I learned to garden and landscape. I've been growing plants from seed and designing native plant gardens for over six years. I hope to share some of my knowledge with you! Additionally I am a wood worker / DIY enthusiast. I enjoy designing/building projects (with hand tools when I can!). I hope to give you some tips and useful information!

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